Peace and Security

My ‘SIM’ moments from the Stavros Niarchos Foundation International Conference on Philanthropy

Alliance Magazine - Thu, 07/10/2014 - 02:10

Epaminondas Farmakis

As an attendee of the third annual Stavros Niarchos Foundation International Conference, a watershed event in Greek philanthropy, I had the opportunity to meet, as well as listen to, an array of internationally known panellists within the philanthropic community.

After a long day, one of those speakers – Jennifer McCrea, senior research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School – asked the audience to reflect on what ‘SIMed’ (Surprised, Inspired and Moved) us that day. Here are my SIM moments.

I was surprised – but not in a good way –by the new research on youth unemployment conducted by Endeavor Greece and funded by the Stavros Niarchos Foundation. Over the last six years, 1 million jobs (21 per cent) were lost in Greece, and two-thirds of those jobs will not return. This means that the majority of the unemployed under age 35 will need either to change professions or to relocate.

The fact that Greek youth are ill prepared for the job market and lack basic skills did not come as a surprise to me. Our failing educational system does not prepare young graduates for the labour market. As Shawn Bohen of YearUp said of Greece, ‘There is a vast disconnect between what employers think is relevant and what universities think is relevant.’ An audience survey revealed that he’s not alone in his thinking. When asked about the most effective way to address youth unemployment, about four in ten (41 per cent) of those in attendance responded with ‘reform the education system in order to connect to the needs of the work place’, and a similar number (39 per cent) chose ‘train youth in order to acquire skills that fit the private sector’.

What inspired me the most was the emphasis on cultural investments in Greece and the socioeconomic impact of such philanthropic initiatives. Among the noteworthy projects:

  • the new Stavros Niarchos Cultural Center, a €600 million investment that will transform the Athenian coastal front and host the National Library of Greece and the Greek National Opera as well as one of the largest public parks in Europe;
  • the Onassis Foundation’s ‘Rethink Athens‘ initiative that sponsors architectural and technical planning studies to transform the centre of Athens.
  • the newly established NEON organization which supports creativity and culture in Greece.

Like most countries, Greece aims to use cultural investments for gains in socioeconomic development. At the conference, we discussed several successful examples of such work, including Newcastle in the 1960s, Baltimore in the 1970s and New York City’s more recent High Line project. Cultural tourism, or ‘edutainment’, could also be a source of social and economic prosperity for years to come.

Lastly, I was moved by a performance called ‘A Brave New World’ by members of Cerebral Palsy Greece, which reminded me why I do this job and that the true meaning of philanthropy is ‘the love of humanity’.

Those of us in the philanthropic world often forget this, but the co-president of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation, Andreas C Dracopoulos, summed it up in one eloquent sentence: ‘Those of us in giving and receiving must be concerned about what is good.’

Epaminondas Farmakis is president and CEO of elpis philanthropy advisors.

elpis is a consulting company focused on helping philanthropists, donors and foundations develop and implement sustainable, efficient programmes. It is primarily focused on issues in Greece, Southern Europe, the Balkans and the Middle East.

Categories: Peace and Security

Charity law in China

Alliance Magazine - Wed, 07/09/2014 - 02:00

Karla Simon

A recent busy visit to Beijing disclosed that much is happening on the ‘charity’ law front, with many other ancillary developments regarding the three regulations (san tiaoli). Beginning first with those, I will analyze where they stand and why.

It is expected that the first ones to appear will be the association (shetuan) regulations in late December 2014 or January 2015. The State Council and the Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) seem to be in agreement on most items in them.

There are hang-ups with the other two. With regard to the foundation (jijinhui) regulations, there has been a lot of discussion about the State Administration of Taxation’s (SAT) inability to enforce the 70% of prior year’s earning rule for payout. Indeed, in the previous blog, I mentioned that One Foundation has been having problems with that itself.

MCA and SAT appear to be fairly far apart in their negotiations, but one aspect of the proposed ‘charity’ law may help to resolve this. The draft developed by China Philanthropy Research Institute (CPRI) includes a 5% of assets payout requirement, which is easier to administer. It is also a better measure of a foundation’s capacity to do direct charitable work through its own actions or through those of its grantees. If this were to be incorporated in the foundation regulations, which may clear up the logjam.

With respect to the min fei (social enterprises), the big standoff concerns private schools. On the other side of the argument from MCA is SCOPSR (State Commission on Private Sector Reform), which is in charge of major state restructuring efforts, including reforms of the public institution sector (shiye danwei). This is a very powerful agency, which reports to the Party along with the State Council. It thus has a great deal of political clout, unlike MCA, which has virtually nil.

Although SCOPSR’s plan for state downsizing will mean that many shiye danwei in such fields as health, scientific research, etc., will be transformed into non-state-owned min fei, there is a problem for them with the private schools. They would like to bring those back into the state sector.

While this may appear to be somewhat regressive, my suspicions are that it will succeed. It appears to relate in part to the current drive for greater intellectual purity in China, which began with the issuance of the famous Document No. 9 in spring 2013. That document decried the influence of certain ‘western ideals’ such as democracy, human rights, and civil society in China.

Since then we have seen attempts to censor some public intellectuals (and many have self-censored as well); spurious charges brought against many human rights lawyers (including Xu Zhiyong and others associated with the New Citizens’ Movement (NCM)); media censorship; etc.

There seems to be a relationship between these developments and the assertion of greater control over private schools by forcing them to become state institutions once again. How this will all play out remains to be seen, and it may involve a high level intellectual/legal struggle leading to the repeal of the ‘Private School Law.’ I would say that the issuance of the min fei regulations will take the longest time of the san tiaoli before coming to fruition.

The relationship between these regulations and the ‘charity’ law is clear. That law must stand on the shoulders of the regulations in the absence of a clear law on associations and foundations, such as in Germany. Alternatively there could be a law on those two types of entities along with private institutions (as in Czech Republic). But these do not currently exist (nor are they expected even be proposed any time soon). Thus, putting the ‘charity’ law ahead of the issuance of at least the social association and foundation regulations seems misguided. Many Chinese professionals agree with this judgment.

A first question in regard to the law being proposed by both MCA and CPRI, is why it is called a ‘charity’ law at all. Consistent with civil law practice in Germany, France, and Japan, the proper term is ‘public benefit’ or gongyi in Chinese. This would also be consistent with Chinese legal terminology going back to the 19th and early 20th centuries when the term gongyi was used in China. Most recently, of course, there is the Public Welfare Donations Law from 2001.

This nomenclature was under discussion at two seminars on the CPRI proposal, which I attended as an honored Meiguoren (American) guest. These were actually some of the best seminars I have ever attended in China, as there was lots of give and take and not mere spouting by talking heads. There were several questions addressed including the following.

  1. While the draft law proposes that there should be a Public Benefit Commission, akin to the one adopted in Japan in 2006/08, whether there should also be provincial/municipal level commissions (as in Japan). The conclusion was that it would not be necessary and that MCA can handle the administrative details with the PBC setting policies. The PBC should report directly to the State Council.
  2. Whether the charitable trust provisions in the Trust Law should be removed to this law – yes.
  3. Whether trusts are indeed social organizations as defined by the draft law. Yes, because they are akin to foundations.
  4. Whether the volunteering chapter should be removed to another law – yes.

These were good and productive gatherings. ICCSL has presented both written and oral comments (Prof. Simon participated rather vigorously in the discussion). ICCSL is awaiting the third draft before continuing with its comments.

Karla W Simon (西 门 雅) is chairperson of ICCSL

Categories: Peace and Security

What’s next for community philanthropy?

Alliance Magazine - Tue, 07/08/2014 - 03:28

Jenny Hodgson

First published on the Global Fund for Community Foundations blog.

It is appropriate (and no doubt deliberate) that the launch of the ‘What’s Next for Community Philanthropy?’ toolkit has come in 2014, a year that sees the Cleveland Foundation – America’s first community foundation – mark its centenary. This extensive toolkit, which has been produced by Gabriel Kasper and his colleagues Justin Marcoux and Jess Ausinheiler at Monitor Institute, has not really been designed for someone like me. US (and Canadian) community foundations are really the main target audience for this suite of tools and essays. So my comments on the toolkit are framed by my vantage point at the Global Fund for Community Foundations (GFCF), a global grassroots grantmaking organization working to support the development of community philanthropy worldwide.

Evolving concepts, changing terminology

Let’s start with ‘community philanthropy’. Unlike in the US and Canada (where community foundations alone can be counted in their hundreds), there are far fewer of these types of organizations (whatever they are called) in most of the rest of the world, and so by focusing on one particular institutional form, you end up with very small numbers. So although community foundations form a large part of our constituency (and we even prioritize them in the name of our own organization – a fact that is not lost on me), we have always embraced other forms of ‘community philanthropy institutions’, including women’s funds, local grantmakers, environmental funds, etc. So I was pleasantly surprised (and also curious) to see that the more inclusive ‘community philanthropy’ is used throughout the toolkit (defined as ‘community foundations and other community philanthropy organizations’).

A global world – fact not choice

One of the perils of working locally (community philanthropy organizations are mostly place-based) is that it is easy to become inward-looking and insular. The excellent essay, ‘Shift Happens: Understanding how the world is changing’ does a great job in providing a succinct overview of six different types of global trends that are having a profound effect on the nature of communities. If you are a community foundation leader or board member trying to convince your colleagues that the community that your foundation was set up to serve is no longer the same, and to find examples of how other community foundations are responding, then this document will save you many hours of internet searches. Although much of the specific data is geared towards a US audience, the essay demonstrates to any reader how global trends (both good and bad) are driving huge changes in our communities the world over.

Community foundations as specialist generalists

Community foundations tend to make grants across a range of different portfolios. This is well understood within the community foundation field, but it can sometimes seem to outsiders like a lack of focus or being overstretched. (In fact, I once got involved in a very long, rather heated conversation with a US immigration official in New York, who expressed great scepticism about the community foundation idea, insisting that all philanthropic organizations and NGOs should have a focus – he suggested water, healthcare or education – and that it was poor form to try to do everything in a community).

What the toolkit also highlights in its examples is how specialized and sophisticated specific programmes clusters and approaches have become within the community foundation field. In our grantmaking at the GFCF, we have also been looking at how to deepen community philanthropy practice around particular issues (such as youth engagement or the environment) so that community philanthropy organizations can deliver excellent programmes within the context of a broader, holistic and networked approach.

A launching point for a more linked-up global field?

Certainly there are some valuable tools in the kit that a community philanthropy organization anywhere in the world could use to test assumptions, stimulate reflection and inspire creative thinking (although for those operating in contexts where local giving is still very nascent, the level of sophistication around different kinds of donor services might seem like wishful thinking). It is also good to see strategies that have been adopted by many of our community foundation partners, often driven more by innovation and instinct than blueprint, are listed and named in the toolkit. So when in the ‘Bright Spots’ tool, which looks at ‘Promising approaches in community philanthropy’, there is a question, ‘What if you solicited small gifts from less affluent individuals?’, I think immediately of Odorheiu Secuiesc Community Foundation in Romania which created a ‘Community Card’ programme through which over 13,000 donors give small amounts each month. Another ‘bright spot’ on ‘Sharing Community Information’, asks ‘What if you conducted routine check-ups of your community?’ This takes me to a recent blog by one of our partners in Ukraine. Moloda Gromada (‘Young Community’) is based in Odessa, which has seen its own fair share of violence, resulteding in the deaths of 42 people on 2 May 2014. The foundation’s director Inna Starchikova describes how, following the violence, the foundation conducted a survey to ‘check the state of health’ (her words) of the community by asking people how they saw their own personal role in allowing the violence to happen and their thoughts on how future violence might be prevented.

What’s next for ‘What’s next’?

A separate essay, which focuses specifically on examples of community philanthropy innovation from the global field, is in the pipeline and I look forward to that. Finally, I wonder whether this kind of reflective, big picture exercise might provide new opportunities for those community foundations that are interested, wherever they are in the world , to create spaces for engagement, solidarity and collaboration. Although there may be huge differences in the financial asset bases of community foundations in different parts of the world, it seems to me that energy, innovation and commitment to community-driven development are plentiful the world over.

Jenny Hodgson is executive director of the Global Fund for Community Foundations.

Categories: Peace and Security

Crisis Group announces next President & CEO Jean-Marie Guéhenno

Crisis Group is pleased to announce Jean-Marie Guéhenno will be the organisation’s next President & Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Guéhenno served as the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations from 2000-2008, and in 2012, as Deputy Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and the League of Arab States on Syria. He left his post as Deputy Joint Special Envoy to chair the commission that prepared the white paper on French defence and national security in 2013. He is currently a professor and Director of the Center for International Conflict Resolution at Columbia University.

Radical funding body Edge Fund passes quarter million landmark

Alliance Magazine - Mon, 07/07/2014 - 01:57

Alliance magazine

The UK-based Edge Fund, which supports grassroots groups aiming at radical social change, has raised its first £250,000.

Following the motto ‘radical funding for radical change’, funding decisions are put in the hands of those most affected by inequality and oppression. The fund supports groups that are considered ‘too radical’ by most other funders.

Launched 18 months ago, Edge Fund has so far distributed £120,000 to over 80 small, grassroots groups and individuals, from lesbian migrant support groups and Roma community organizers to those opposing police repression, immigration raids and the arms trade, from anti-capitalists and anarchist groups to people working on disability rights, local community organizing and climate change. Just under 1,000 applications were received in the first year of funding.

Edge Fund’s fourth funding round has now opened with grants of up to £5,000 available. The application consists of just five questions, which can be answered over the phone or by email. The deadline for applications is 5pm on Monday 8 September.

Edge Fund is now looking for donations to make a fifth funding round possible. Click here for more information about making a donation, applying for funds or becoming a member>

Categories: Peace and Security

Israel’s Hamas Challenge: The Third Way

The kidnapping and murder of three Israeli yeshiva students — and the extensive Israeli military campaign against Hamas, members of which Israel presumes to have perpetrated the act – illustrate the urgency of revisiting Israel’s policy options toward the Islamist group. Largely ignored since the last outbreak of violence, the issue is today again on the public agenda. How should Israel deal with Hamas?

Interview: Fay Twersky, Hewlett Foundation (£)

Alliance Magazine - Fri, 07/04/2014 - 02:45

Fay Twersky

The philanthropy programme at the Hewlett Foundation is changing. Fay Twersky, director of its Effective Philanthropy Group, tells Caroline Hartnell how and why. She talks about Hewlett’s new emphasis on ‘two-way openness’ and collaboration and the need to create incentives to encourage foundations and grantees to be more open. Finally, she offers her views on ‘emergent philanthropy’ and effective altruism.

Why was the decision made to phase out the Hewlett Foundation’s Nonprofit Marketplace Initiative?
Originally, the Nonprofit Marketplace Initiative came about as a result of research that showed that 70 per cent of giving in the US is from individual donors. The foundation’s goal was to get 10 per cent of that giving moving from organizations that were less effective to programmes and organizations that were highly effective. We realized, however, based on some independent research that we commissioned and an independent third party evaluation, that we were not making progress towards that goal. Individual donors, for a variety of reasons, are highly loyal in their giving and we didn’t see any signs that having more non-profit performance data would change current patterns.

Critics have suggested that rather than being a response to evidence, this decision had as much to do with change of leadership and the fact that Hewlett president Larry Kramer is less interested in ‘effective philanthropy’ than his predecessor, Paul Brest. How do you respond to this?
It’s not true. We tried to be very open about our reasons for closing down the Nonprofit Marketplace programme. We shared the information openly with our grantees; we posted a video on our website to thoroughly explain why we were making this decision. I was the one to lead the analysis and make the recommendation to Larry and to the board. Larry continues to be committed to effective philanthropy, as is shown by the fact that the budget stayed intact for our effective philanthropy grantmaking, and we will continue to make grants to strengthen the field of philanthropy broadly.

Can you talk a little bit about Hewlett’s new strategy to foster openness and transparency and collaboration?
We are in the process of developing a collaborative approach with other funders to foster ‘two way openness’. This means building on traditional notions of transparency where foundations are more open about what we do and how we do it, and also open to hearing from our grantees and from the ultimate intended beneficiaries of our work – students in schools, trainees in vocational education programmes, women in domestic violence shelters – and incorporating their insights into the foundation’s considerations as we develop strategies for grantmaking. So support for systematically listening to beneficiary voice and ultimate constituent feedback loops will be part of our new openness funding effort.

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Categories: Peace and Security

Pier Mario Vello – a personal tribute

Alliance Magazine - Thu, 07/03/2014 - 02:00

Pier Mario Vello

Pier Mario Vello, secretary general at Fondazione Cariplo since 2006, prematurely passed away on 29 June 2014. He was 63 years old. Here Wendy Richardson remembers him.

‘Volunteers wanted for hazardous journey. Low wages, bitter cold, long hours of complete darkness. Safe return doubtful. Honour and recognition in event of success.’

I’ll never forget the day that Pier Mario Vello looked me directly in the eyes and said those words. Like you are probably feeling now, I was terribly confused. What was he on about? I desperately racked my brains for any possible link to philanthropy or foundations.

To make a long story short, Pier Mario had come across an advertisement that is thought to have appeared in the London newspaper, The Times, in 1913, appealing to would-be adventurers to join an expedition to the South Pole. To my dismay, he was absolutely convinced that this should be the strapline for the European Foundation Centre’s (EFC) new exchange programme, TIEPOLO (and despite my insistence that such a slogan might bring more confusion than clarity, he won that argument – just look at the original brochures if you don’t believe me).

But before I explain why I’ve written up this anecdote for public consumption, let me rewind to the first time I met Pier Mario. It was early 2008 and I (still relatively wet behind the ears and trying to get accustomed to life in the ‘real world’ after university) had been asked to sit in on an important, high-level meeting to take the minutes. I listened intently, quietly and dutifully concentrating on my notes. Imagine my surprise when I realized all eyes in the room were suddenly on me. Why? What did they want? Or, more likely, what mistake had I just made? Pier Mario then repeated the question I’d missed: ‘Wendy, what do you think?’

Pier Mario and Wendy both in their lab coats

It’s interactions like these for which I’ll remember Pier Mario. He was a fascinating gentleman, one in a million really, who was imaginative, collaborative, and never afraid to act on intuition rather than follow convention – like asking the opinion of the most junior person, not to mention one of the only females, in the room. Life was never dull when he was around. In fact, when designing the European Learning Labs together on an annual basis one of his first rules was always: ‘Don’t be boring!’ Why wouldn’t we insist all of the participants wear doctors’ lab coats for the duration of the Learning Labs? Even in the heat of a Milan July, Pier Mario would still be proudly strutting around in his coat – complete with his name embroidered across the lapel. He balked at foundation programme officers who attended Labs only to share successes and achievements, and demanded everyone come equipped with tales of failure, disappointment, or, even better, disaster! And TIEPOLO wasn’t just a simple exchange programme, it was an adventure! It got to the point where I would almost grow nervous when I saw the twinkle in his eye (often while dining on cheese pizza, a common weakness), as it inevitably meant he had another big idea brewing.

Over the last couple of days, talking and grieving with colleagues from foundations across Europe, there is one theme that keeps coming up: Pier Mario’s deep commitment to young people, and making sure they felt supported, motivated and energized in their work. No one asked him to devote so much time, energy and resources to the design of the EFC’s Professional Development work I’ve mentioned above, which largely benefited the younger echelons of European foundations. He did it because he thought it was vital to our sector, and moreover believed that supporting the next generations was the right thing to do. Indeed, one of his recent preoccupations had been the plight of the young and unemployed in southern Europe.

Immediately before the closing plenary at the 2014 EFC AGA and Conference, during which Pier Mario was scheduled to deliver a speech introducing the 2015 edition of the event, he was seen frantically running around the Sarajevo auditorium. When asked if he was nervous about the speech, the technicalities, or the logistics of the plenary, he shook his head ‘no’ politely. Rather, he was searching desperately for a Fondazione Cariplo staff member who had been ill the evening before – he wanted to make sure she was feeling better and didn’t need his help.

For underlying all of his convictions and interests was his deep love for people. For Pier Mario issues like who you knew, the size of your chequebook, or what level of the organization you sat at, were irrelevant. I’ve often thought back on that first meeting in 2008, when Pier Mario questioned what I was thinking. I never asked, but I’m nearly positive that he wouldn’t recall this story. To him, it was probably nothing. But to me, at the time and for many years after, it was an enormous boost and revelation. I’m devastated to think that I’ve shared my final cheese pizza with this extraordinary colleague, father, husband, friend, and, in all of those roles, adventurer.

Wendy Richardson is Coordinator, Grants & Learning, at the Global Fund for Community Foundations.

Categories: Peace and Security

Now free to read – Interview – Theo Sowa

Alliance Magazine - Wed, 07/02/2014 - 02:00

Theo Sowa

From the September 2013 issue of Alliance magazine.

‘We all have power, different types of power. When we don’t acknowledge that power, it’s easier for others to step all over us.’

As both grantmaker and fundraiser, the African Women’s Development Fund (AWDF) has been on both sides of the fence. As a result, Theo Sowa, AWDF CEO and chair of the African Grantmakers Network, has very clear views about the use and abuse of power. Caroline Hartnell asked her what power AWDF has and how it seeks to use it responsibly, and about the importance of African women setting their own agenda.

As an African women’s fund that works ‘towards the empowerment of African women and the promotion and realization of their rights’, AWDF confronts a range of power dynamics. What power does AWDF itself have?

There are so many different types of power. I think being part of women’s rights movements in Africa, but also internationally, gives us significant power. We have a lot of knowledge about what’s going on in African women’s lives and organizations, which gives us power when we’re trying to influence decision-making in national and international spaces. It gives us the power to push for change. For example, we can use our knowledge to steer other foundations towards good investments that support the kinds of social change they want rather than undermining it – which is all too easy to do. The information we have, that closeness to what’s happening in women’s lives, strengthens our legitimacy.

We also have power because we’re a grantmaking organization, and that’s a power you have to be very careful with as it can easily be abused. One of our strengths as an organization is our closeness to the ground. If we abuse our power, we’ll lose those strong relationships.

I can’t think of any other women’s fund that carries that sort of clout. How has AWDF acquired it?

I think that women’s funds have clout but don’t always use it effectively. We don’t ‘own’ our strengths and achievements sufficiently. If people don’t understand what you know, they won’t value what you have to say. Too often we women have underplayed our information, underplayed our strengths.

The other thing is that AWDF was the first continent-wide women’s fund, run by and for African women. That gives us a unique place on the continent and internationally. The three founders developed an ethos ‘as African women we are strong, we have knowledge, we have been fuelling social change for a very long time’ – so everyone at AWDF has learned to own a certain level of power.

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Categories: Peace and Security

The race is on – the growth of social impact investment around the world

Alliance Magazine - Tue, 07/01/2014 - 02:00

Nick O’Donohoe

Could a global equivalent of an ‘arms race’ be forming as countries vie to build social impact investing markets? Eight countries have developed ambitious proposals for developing and deepening their social impact investment markets, spurred by the G8 social impact investment taskforce. Last week, a group of leading impact investors in the US released the first report which escalated a host of policy proposals to ‘up the game’ and grow the local social impact investment market.

The report’s recommendations indicate a shift in emphasis from purely innovating to pursuing greater scale in the social impact investing market. The UK is correctly seen as a leading innovator, but as in many other cases the US often excels at taking these ideas to scale.

The US proposals have two clear implications for the UK. Most importantly, they demonstrate a deepening commitment from another G8 country to a growing movement that aims to deploy capital to solve important social issues, albeit from a different starting point. Secondly, the US Advisory Board’s recommendations provide interesting policy proposals that could create value in the UK as well.

The report builds on many of the major strengths in the United States:

  1. The US has a relatively long history of supporting small business ventures in deprived areas, using a variety of tools – from the guarantees provided by the Small Business Administration (1958) to the investment capital directed through the Community Reinvestment Act (1977).
  2. Foundations have about $1 trillion in assets, making them a significant source of mission-aligned investors relative to many other countries (including the UK), where the public sector is one of the most obvious investors in social outcomes. The tradition of philanthropy also helps.
  3. The state-level delivery of social services (as opposed to the centralised federal level) often serves to create policy ‘laboratories’ delivering unique approaches to public and social services with emphasis on innovation. State budgets are often many times larger than those of UK local authorities, allow each state to scale approaches without the support of federal budgets.

Despite these unique qualities, several of the proposals in this week’s report parallel policy developments in the UK. On the demand side, the group aims to stimulate purchasing from the federal government by launching pilot procurement programs that explicitly preference contractors with positive social impact – very similar to the UK’s Social Value Act. And, like the UK, the US Advisory Board is proposing to fund a centralised ‘Pay for Success Fund’ that would commission SIBs within and across government agencies.

On the supply side, the Americans are attempting to adjust rules for investors: both pension funds and foundations. This focus parallels many first movers in the UK, from the local authority pension funds’ ‘Investing for Growth’ initiative to the co-investments that Big Society Capital has made with some of the UK’s largest foundations.

But a few new proposals could create value in the UK context and are worth considering:

  • Historically, the US has successfully deployed the use of guarantees as a way of channelling private capital into investment funds, most notably the Small Business Administration’s recent commitment to provide guarantees for up to $1 billion for impact investment funds. Could the UK could roll out similar programs for impact investment funds?
  • The US Advisory Board has highlighted the role of impact investing in international development, and has proposed an expansion of OPIC[1] powers to generate greater impact in emerging markets. Perhaps the UK could build on this to better link development finance and social finance to develop funds to address social issues both domestically and across the globe sharing the lessons along the way?
  • The White House has established the Social Innovation Fund, which has provided about $600 million in grant capital to allow non-profit organisations to scale their impact. Could the UK support high-growth organisations through a greater focus on venture philanthropy?

Further, the report highlights how finance can play a bigger role in the big social challenges the UK is facing. In education, the US’s transition to charter schools has leveraged in $2.7 billion of private capital to fund the construction of new school facilities. In housing, the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit has helped build 2.6 million affordable homes by crowding in private finance to address critical shortages in housing capacity. Clearly successful policies can’t be directly replicated from abroad, but there clearly is greater potential for more creative use of finance at addressing the big issues of our time.

The UK has learned a great deal about building a social investment market over the past few decades, not least with the establishment of Big Society Capital. Whilst we are certainly no slouch in the global race for social investment, we are always keen to learn from other countries’ ambitions and efforts. We look forward to sharing the UK’s approach to social investment with the broader community in September when the final report of the Social Impact Investment Taskforce will be released. In the meantime, let the spirit of healthy competition continue.

[1] The Overseas Private Investment Corporation supports US businesses in foreign countries by providing investors with financing, guarantees, political risk insurance, and support for private equity investment funds.

Nick O’Donohoe, Chair of the UK Advisory Board to the G8 Social Impact Investment Taskforce. He is also CEO of Big Society Capital.

Categories: Peace and Security

The fog of Myanmar

Alliance Magazine - Mon, 06/30/2014 - 03:32

Glen Galaich

From the June 2014 issue of Alliance magazine.

The world is flying to Myanmar. Roughly four years ago the military regime governing the country entered into economic and political liberalization after decades of inhumane repression. In February alone, three major philanthropic networks travelled to Myanmar to investigate social investment opportunities on the ground. The Philanthropy Workshop (TPW) was one of them.

Perhaps what makes TPW trips unique is that our goals are to evaluate contexts, models and the full range of programmatic issues. We do not favour any one model. Our travellers engage in critical assessment of all aspects of development and often come away from our trips with more questions about a country than before they went.
(Pictured: one of the villages in Myanmar that TPW visited, largely inhabited by IDPs from Cyclone Nargis.)

The many social leaders we met in Myanmar fall roughly into two groups. On the one hand, the social activists, individuals and organizations who have been at the forefront of sporadic street protest and other forms of agitation, having endured long periods of political imprisonment. Their presence is a constant reminder that the regime cannot be trusted.

The other group, those working on innovative solutions and approaches, was more interesting to TPW. These social entrepreneurs are working in many areas: conflict reduction, environmental protection and mobilization, agriculture and poverty alleviation. In almost all cases, they reminded us of some key tenets of effective philanthropy: one must take the long view, use all the resources available, and be innovative.

Taking the long view
For years before military rule, Myanmar’s ethnic states have conducted a quasi-independence movement to protect their resources and identity. Since the 1960s, one woman we met has worked to bring an end to the many parallel conflicts among these groups and the regime. The recent liberalization has allowed her to take the innovative approach of requiring all states and the regime to work out a national ceasefire arrangement in place of the traditional bilateral agreements between the states and the regime, which tended to create more conflict. Her quiet backroom facilitation is striking in a place where charismatic voices are best known. She describes the current liberalization as an inflection point in the conflict, but there is still much work to be done.

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Categories: Peace and Security

One World Children’s Fund & African Diaspora Network Announce Partnership

Alliance Magazine - Mon, 06/30/2014 - 01:51

Alliance magazine

On 24 June, One World Children’s Fund, a global non-profit that partners with more than 40 community-based organizations in 22 countries, and African Diaspora Network, a global community of Africans and friends of Africa united for the greater good of the continent, announced a partnership that will apply One World’s successful champion model across African Diaspora Network. This partnership focuses on identifying effective community-based organizations from Nigeria, Ethiopia, Liberia, Senegal, Cameroon and Ghana and uniting them with African diaspora philanthropy.

The partnership reflects One World Children’s Fund’s vision of engaging diaspora in philanthropy and increasing philanthropic revenue that goes directly to community-based, locally run organizations serving children and youth in Africa. African Diaspora Network members will be invited to recommend partners and champions with a focus on serving children and youth in Nigeria, Ethiopia, Liberia, Senegal, Cameroon, and Ghana with education, healthcare, and shelter.

Click here to read the full press release>

Categories: Peace and Security

Crisis Group thanks outgoing President & CEO Louise Arbour

The International Crisis Group wishes to thank Louise Arbour for her five years of service as President & CEO. A long-time supporter of Crisis Group, Louise served on the Board of Trustees before taking up her post at the helm of the organisation in 2009. As she concludes her tenure today, the Board of Trustees and the staff send to her all best wishes upon returning to life in her native Canada.

A new website for GrantCraft

Alliance Magazine - Sun, 06/29/2014 - 06:00

Alliance magazine

On 25 June, the Foundation Center launched a completely redesigned website for its GrantCraft service. According to the press release, ‘GrantCraft harnesses the practical wisdom of funders worldwide to provide free resources that improve the practice of philanthropy. The new site is home to guides, blogs, videos, and other media that address questions faced by funders of all types around the world, helping to support a global movement of strategic philanthropy.

‘”We know that people often become funders through routes other than formal education programs, which is why GrantCraft fills such a critical need,” said Jen Bokoff, director of GrantCraft at the Foundation Center. “The knowledge grantmakers gain through exposure to real-world examples from their peers across the globe empowers them to be more strategic and effective when making funding decisions.”

… The GrantCraft community — currently more than 50,000 users — can learn from diverse foundations, geographies, issue areas, and topics through stories, questions, and ideas curated by the GrantCraft team.’

Click here to read the full press release>

On its blog the GrantCraft team explain a bit more what they hope to achieve with the new website:

‘Through surveys, interviews, analytics, and a review of our decade-long history, we learned what you – the GrantCraft community – want and need. A new site needed to be more accessible than ever, have dynamic content that is readable both on-screen and printed, support the continued collection of your stories, host relevant conversations about your questions and ideas, present translated content, and form the foundation for what can grow into a more networked, connected community.’

Click here to read the full blog post>

And click here to check out the new website.

Categories: Peace and Security

Feeling good or doing good? Reflections from the Stavros Niarchos Foundation conference

Alliance Magazine - Fri, 06/27/2014 - 07:39

Martyn Evans

The danger with asserting that you occupy the moral high ground (which some foundations have implied they do and some staff act as if they do) is that you become intensely vulnerable to the shout from above. To the insistent voice that purports to come from even higher up the moral mountain than yours.

Firms and individuals offering consulting advice, single issue advocacy groups, grassroots activists among others have become adept at this approach. It can lever both attention and cash. It can knock the self-confidence of foundations. Handled wrongly or ignored it can damage organizational and personal reputations. And, after all, it is reputation that we put most at risk in our work. Without reputation we have less convening power, less advocacy influence and less public confidence in our purposes. Without reputation we will have fewer philanthropists willing to drive, reinvigorate and reshape visions of human wellbeing. However, without risk how can we entertain the possibility of change?

It was this tricky issue of ‘Ethics and Philanthropy’ that was the title of today’s plenary session at the Stavros Niarchos Foundation (SNF) third international conference on philanthropy (26-27 June). Chris Ashworth of Oxfam GB, Stelios Vasliakis of SNF, Jeff Kahn of Johns Hopkins University, Nancy Kassel also of Johns Hopkins, Susan Seifert of University of Pennsylvania and myself gave a range of short presentations and the debate was opened up.

I was lucky to have been involved in early discussions with Joel Rosenthal, president of the New York based Carnegie Council for Ethics, as they were planning their extraordinarily ambitious Global Ethics project. A project to explore a wicked issue in a globalized world: can we identify a shared worldwide ethic?

The project is led by Michael Ignatieff. Here is Michael’s definition:

‘A global ethic seeks to defend all human beings and our common habitat against the partialities and interests that are grounded in family, community, ethnicity, economic position, and, above all, the nation we belong to.’

An important part is an uncomfortable and very modern challenge, to champion individuals not only against the partialities and interests of the state but against those of family, community and markets.

It was refreshing to hear the pragmatism from both the panel and the audience. Far from seeking to constrain philanthropy by the imposition of a single moral framework, the drive was for greater transparency and examination of the internal ‘ethical attitude’ of each philanthropic organization. To move from asking ‘What are we good at?’ to the much more profound ‘What are we good for?’ A willingness to recognize the critical difference between ‘feeling good ‘ and ‘doing good’. The challenges and risks of philanthropy engaging with both goverment and business and the danger of irrelevancy in not doing so.

We were all given a series of ethical issues to vote on which really engaged the audience and was a great move away from the passive audience tradition of too many conferences. It was clear from all involved that there is no magic bullet solution to the dilemmas facing both foundation strategic decision making and day-to-day grantmaking.

I took away the growing confidence within foundations that we can have an active role in public policymaking but also a clear recognition that there are limits to our legitimacy and authority. The plenary session was just one of many fascinating sessions in this excellent Stavros Niarchos Foundation event.

Martyn Evans is CEO of Carnegie UK Trust.

Categories: Peace and Security

Getting Started in Venture Philanthropy in Asia – new guide from AVPN

Alliance Magazine - Fri, 06/27/2014 - 02:00

Alliance magazine

Starting a new venture philanthropy or social investment organization can be difficult, particularly in a region such as Asia, where the ecosystem for philanthropy is not as evolved as it is in the West. Getting Started in Venture Philanthropy in Asia, AVPN’s guide for new venture philanthropy and social investment organizations, is an important tool that seeks to make life easier for aspiring philanthropists.

Edited by Simon Chadwick, current board director and former CEO of AVPN, the guide contains a wealth of advice from experienced practitioners in Europe where they have been operating for more than 10 years, and also recounts experiences of Asian pioneers and the lessons they learned as new funders and sponsors.

AVPN spoke to Simon about the report and its importance.
Why is this guide important to social investing?
We want new funders and leaders to avoid reinventing the wheel and have the opportunity to quickly move up the learning curve. They can then move more confidently and quickly into implementation rather than planning. One of the most effective ways to increase your long term social impact is to start sooner and scale quicker!

Click here to read the full interview>
Click here to download Getting Started in Venture Philanthropy in Asia>

Categories: Peace and Security

Serious, intense, optimistic: Bill and Melinda Gates at Stanford

Alliance Magazine - Fri, 06/27/2014 - 01:53

Charles Keidan

Bill Gates and Melinda Gates gave the first ever joint commencement speech in Stanford University’s history in June. Despite the historic and demanding nature of the occasion – commencements are increasingly high profile events to mark the graduation of US college students – the Gates appeared relaxed and at ease. Early in the speech, they donned mock ‘nerd’ glasses in a parody of themselves and Stanford’s famous tech scene.

But this was a rare moment of humour.

Most of the speech was serious and intense but also optimistic. It was serious because the majority of the speech focused on their drive to address extreme poverty, a central theme of the foundation’s work. It was intense because Melinda Gates gave an impassioned account of the human suffering that motivated her philanthropic endeavours. It was optimistic because, echoing the title of the Gates Foundation’s Impatient Optimists blog, and the culture of Silicon Valley, Bill Gates identified the inexorable drive for innovation as a solution to global problems.

However, this was a tempered optimism. The Gates acknowledged their own privilege and implored the graduating seniors to remember theirs. They also acknowledged the potential for technology to increase inequality as well as reverse it and the limits of markets-only based solutions.

Yet reliance on markets to generate income for grantmaking, in common with other endowed foundations, was the major omission of the speech. The Stanford campus this term was a hotbed of activism, with well-organized campaigns by students calling on the university to divest its endowment from coal and the Gates Foundation to divest from G4S, a private security company. Over 1,200 Stanford students signed a petition calling on Gates to divest. Protest and disruption of the Gates’ speech was planned. Yet the issue was diffused by news of the Gates Foundation’s full divestment in the week before commencement.

While students praised the decision, some were disappointed that the Gates’ speech failed to mention the issue, and the foundation’s investment policies more generally. To some, this came across as a lack of the very empathy with the concerns of others that they encouraged students to show. Some others expressed disappointment that concerns about the content and direction of the foundation’s grantmaking were not addressed, most notably in areas such as US education reform and the foundation’s reluctance to support access to abortion as part of their effort to expand global reproductive health services. Nor was there mention of the issues of accountability inherent in the power concentrated in the hands of a foundation board of four spending $3 billion per year.

This was an unusual and, in many ways, impressive speech. More substantial than Michael Bloomberg’s commencement address the previous year, more reflective than Bill Gates’ speech at the Harvard commencement in 2007; more earnest than Steve Jobs at Stanford in 2005.

At times, the Gates sounded presidential in their range and tone; at others it was as if we were listening to a husband and wife sharing their thoughts about making the world a better place. Perhaps it is this combination of the personal and the political that is increasingly making big philanthropy a force to be reckoned with on the global stage.

Charles Keidan is a visiting scholar at Stanford University’s Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society and a philanthropy practice research fellow at City University, London.

Categories: Peace and Security

Somalia: Al-Shabaab – It Will Be a Long War

To combat the entrenched, highly adaptable extremist group Al-Shabaab, the Somali Federal Government and its allies must better imitate the group’s core political strengths.

AGN invites nominations for 2014 African Philanthropy Awards

Alliance Magazine - Thu, 06/26/2014 - 06:00

Alliance magazine

The African Grantmakers Network invites the public to nominate individuals and organizations for the 2014 African Philanthropy Awards at the AGN Assembly in Accra, Ghana in November 2014.

Every two years the AGN holds its Assembly Conference culminating in the African Philanthropy Awards ceremony. This prestigious non-monetary award recognizes African philanthropic initiatives that are innovative and fresh, go beyond traditional models of giving, and offer a sign of the future of African philanthropy. The awards showcase these innovations and celebrate them as new contributions by individuals and organizations to Africa’s growth and development.
The 2012 inaugural African Philanthropy Award went to Marwa el Daly for her work with the Maadi Community Foundation in Egypt.

Who can be nominated?
Any individual and any private or public organization carrying out philanthropic work in Africa may be nominated.

Nominees who qualify will be those who demonstrate:
•    Transparency and good governance in their philanthropic activities.
•    Attentiveness to local needs and realities.
•    Clear application of new solutions and innovations to existing problems.
•    Philanthropic activities that are linked to building institutions on the African continent.

Nominations can be made online by filling in the Online Nomination Form on the AGN website. The deadline for submitting nomination forms is 14 August 2014.

Categories: Peace and Security